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This section offers a broad analysis of sea level rise, streamflow, drought, pluvials, atmospheric rivers, floods, sediment transport, historic and prehistoric climate, natural and human-caused climate change, changes in sea-surface temperature (Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO), and El Niño & La Niña (ENSO).
CLICK HERE - to use Colorado River Open Source Simulator (CROSS) and determine your own analysis of what the Colorado River system of reservoirs will look like in a future.
RECOMMENDED WEB SITES
1879 - Lands of the Arid West. Powell.
1896 - On the Influence of Carbonic Acid and Ground Temperature. Arrhenius.
1948 - Floods in Colorado. USGS; Follansbee.
1946 - Cloudburst floods in Utah. Woolley. US Geological Survey.
1946 - Light on the Mexican Treaty. Ely. (identified the structural deficit of the lower Colorado River)
1950 - Hydrology of the upper Colorado River basin. Upper Colorado River Commission. (Full Annual Report)
1953 - Depletion of water supplies allocated to state of Colorado by Colorado River Compacts. Hill. Colorado Water Conservation Board. (notes on report)
1976 - Long-term surface-water supply and streamflow trends in the upper Colorado River basin. Stockton and Jacoby. National Science Foundation.
1976 - Hydrology and Sedimentology of the Colorado River in Grand Canyon. Emmett M. Laursen and Elliot Silverston.
1983 - Effects of Carbon-Induced Climatic Change on Water Supplies in the Western USA. Revelle and Wagoneer.
1984 - Secular Variations in Streamflow in Western United States. Meko and Stockton. Journal of Climate and Applied Meteorology.
1985 - The Colorado River: Instability and Basin Management. Graf. Association of American Geographers.
1986 - Lake Powell Evaporation Study. Bureau of Reclamation.
1988 - Hydrologic determination of the Upper Basin. Bureau of Reclamation.
1990 - An assessment of severe and sustained drought in the Colorado River Basin. Kendall and Dracup.
1991 - Sediment Transport in the Colorado River Basin. National Research Council.
1993 - The Colorado River Basin and Climatic Change: The Sensitivity of Streamflow and Water Supply to Variations in Temperature and Precipitation. Nash and Gleick. Environmental Protection Agency.
1995 - A special study on severe and sustained drought in the Colorado River basin. American Water Resources Association.
1997 - Climate Variability, Climate Change, and Western Water. Miller. National Center for Atmospheric Research.
1997 - Colorado River Basin Study. Pontius. Western Water Policy Review Advisory Commission.
1998 - 2000 Years of Drought Variability in Central United States. Woodhouse and Overpeck. American Meteorological Society.
2000 - Alternative principal components regression procedures for dendrohydrologic reconstructions. Hidalgo. Water Resources Research.
2001 - Changes in the Onset of Spring in the Western United States. Cayan et al. American Meteorological Society.
2002 - Recent Sediment Studies Refute Glen Canyon Dam Hypothesis. Rubin et al. Eos. American Geophysical Union.
2003 - Patterns and sources of multidecadal oscillations in drought-sensitive tree-ring records from the central and southern Rocky Mountains. Gray. Geophysical Research Letters.
2003 - Changes in snowmelt runoff timing in western North America under the 'business as usual' climate change scenario. Stewart et al. Climate Change Journal.
2003 - A 431-Yr Reconstruction of Western Colorado Snowpack from Tree Rings. Woodhouse. Journal of Climate.
2003 - Cadillac Desert Revisisted (Central Arizona Project). Holland et al.
2004 - The effects of climate change on the water resources of the west: Introduction and overview. Barnett et al. Climate Change Journal.
2004 - The effects of climate change on the hydrology and water resources of the Colorado River basin. Christensen et al. Climate Change Journal.
2004 - Long-Term Aridity in the Western United States. Cook et al. Science.
2004 - The Western U.S. Drought: How Bad Is It? Piechota et al. Eos.
2004 - Streamflow variability and Reconstruction for the Colorado River Basin. Piechota et al. American Society of Civil Engineers.
2004 - Pacific and Atlantic Ocean influences on multidecaddal drought frequency in the USA. McCabe, et al. Proceedings of National Academy.
2005 - Trends and Variability in Snowmelt Runoff in the Western United States. McCabe & Clark. American Meteorological Society.
2005 - Declining Mountain Snowpack in Western North America. Mote et al. American Meteorological Society.
2005 - Climatic Fluctuations, Drought, and Flow in the Colorado River Basin. Webb. US Geological Survey.
2005 - The twentieth-century pluvial in the western United States. Woodhouse et al. American Geophysical Union.
2006 - Relationships between Pacific and Atlantic ocean sea surface temperatures and U.S. streamflow. Tootle & Piechota. Water Resources Research.
2006 - Updated Streamflow Reconstructions for the Upper Colorado River Basin. Woodhouse et al. Water Resources Research.
2006 - The Past Record of North American Drought. Woodhouse.
2007 - Hydrologic Determination for Upper Basin. Bureau of Reclamation.
2007 - Water availibilty from Flaming Gorge Reservoir. Reclamation.
2007 - A multimodel ensemble approach to assessment of climate change impacts on the hydrology and water resources of the Colorado River basin. Christensen & Lettenmaier. Hydrology and Earth Sciences.
2007 - North American Droughts of the last Millennium from a Gridded Network of Tree-Ring Data. Herweijer et al. Journal of Climate.
2007 - Past Peak Water in the Southwest. Hoerling & Eischeid. Southwest Hydrology.
2007 - Asssociations of Decadal to Multidecadal Sea-Surface Temperature Variability with Upper Colorado River Flow. McCabe et al. American Water Resources Association.
2007 - Medieval Drought in the Upper Colorado River Basin. Meko et al. American Geophysical Union.
2007 - Colorado River Basin Water Management: Evaluating and Adjusting to Hydroclimatic Variability. National Research Council. National Academy of Sciences.
2007 - Impact of disturbed desert soils on duration of mountain snow cover. Painter et al. Geophysical Research Letters.
2007 - Five hundred years of hydrological drought in the Upper Colorado River Basin. Timilsen et al. Journal of American Water Resources Association
2007 - Warming may create substantial water supply shortages in the Colorado River basin. McCabe and Wolock. Geophysical Research Letters.
2007 - Changes in Aridity in the Western United States. Hidalgo et al.
2008 - Multi-decadal SST Variability & US Drought. McCabe et al.
2008 - Stationarity Is Dead: Whither Water Management. Milly et al. Science.
2008 - Human-Induced Changes in the Hydrology of the Western United States. Barnett, et al. Science.
2008 - When will Lake Mead go dry? Barnett and Pierce. Journal of Water Resources Research.
2008 - Climate Warming and 21st Century Drought in Southwestern North America. MacDonald et al. Eos, American Geophysical Union.
2008 -Models, Assumptions, and Stakeholders: Planning for Water Supply Variability in the Colorado River Basin. Garrick et al. American Water Resouces Association.
2008 - Long-Term Global Heating from Energy Usage. Eos. American Geophysical Union.
2008 - Climate Change in Colorado: A Synthesis to Support Water Resources Management and Adaption. University of Colorado at Boulder.
2008 - Climate Change and Water. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
2009 - Global Climate Change Impacts in the USA. U.S. Global Change Research Program
2009 - Assessing the future of Wyoming's water resources. Univ. of Wyo.
2009 - Greenhouse Gas Emission Targets For Limiting Global Waming To 2 C. Meinshausen et al
2010 - Rethinking Vulneribility on the Colorado River. Kenney et al.
2010 - Dry Times Ahead. Overpeck & Udall.
2011 SECURE Water Report. Reclamation.
2011 - Interim Report Colorado River Basin Study of Supply and Demand Part One (complete). Reclamation.
2013 - Vulneribility of US Water Supply to Shortage. Romano Foti et al.
2013 - Lake Powell Loss. Myers.2013 - USA Billion Dollar Weather & Climate Disasters: Data, Trends, Accuracy, Biases. NOAA.
2014 - Causes of 2011 - 14 California Drought. Seager et al.
See also Hydrology Part TwoFlood documents can be found HERE
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